what caused the peloponnesian war

These powers both had a network of alliances all over the Greek world and beyond. How did Athens's growing power threaten Sparta? Fighting ensued and Corcyra, with Athens' aid, won the Battle of Sybota against Corinth in 433. How did the Peloponnesian War Start? Megara was a long-time Spartan ally, which was widely resented, as it was seen as an attempt to make Megara completely dependent on Athens. Second, under the leadership of Pericles, Athens grew from a city-state to a naval empire. The origins of such a conflict are complex. Analysis. Sparta's well-disciplined and much-feared army was the source of its military power. 4 Answers. N.S. The role of women was to produce good soldiers, and men were expected to be brave warriors. They had real difficulties understanding each other, and this lead to mutual suspicions. Each league was fighting for allegiance with the city-states. This proved to be a disaster, which led to the loss of an Athenian army and navy. This became known as the Megarian Decree. The profound cultural and political differences between the two great Greek powers contributed to the war. They had grown from just another city-state into an Empire. Many excellent historians have discussed the causes of the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BCE), and many more will do so in the future. This was the war which completely reshaped Greek history and the Greek ancient world. Because of the Persian Wars, Athens had to be rebuilt and it came to dominate its group of allies politically and economically. The Peloponnesian War reshaped the Ancient Greek world. What was the Spartan Training called the Agoge? It was a struggle for power between the ancient Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta . [14] Sparta was a highly militarized society, and the need for a strong and well-disciplined army was the main concern of the state. [17], The Athenians were extremely confident, and they knew that as long as they had their navy and their ‘Long Walls’ that they could not be defeated even if they could not beat Sparta and her allies on the battlefield. Potidaea was part of the Athenian empire, but also a daughter city of Corinth. This conflict involved Athens and Corinth, with the latter receiving some support from Sparta. Athens' former ally, the polis Megara, had allied with Corinth at Sybota and elsewhere, and Athens, therefore, put a peacetime embargo on Megara. The Spartan fleet under Callicratidaslost 70 ships and the Athenians lost 25 ships. Third, some Athenian settlers began to move into the lands of other city-states. Thucydides’ balanced and richly detailed account has not convinced everyone, however. According to Thucydides, the cause of the war was the "fear of the growth of the power of Athens" throughout the middle of the 5th century BC. Sparta became the leading power of Greece. Athens controlled Greece's coastal areas and the Greek islands, while Sparta, a land power, could control the Peloponnese. Sparta, a deeply conservative society, had opted out of Persia's war after their invasion was repelled. They argued that the Spartans had to attack Athens before it became too powerful. Before the Peloponnesian War, the city-states (poleis) of Greece had worked together to fight off the Persians. The Spartans and the Athenians had radically different societies. The underlying cause of the war was the rapid rise of the Athenians. For many decades Sparta had been the greatest military power in Greece. The Delian League was a military alliance led by Athens. Corinth and other members of the Peloponnesian League were unhappy about Sparta’s lack of leadership. [6] Athens and Sparta had different spheres of influence, as outlined in the ‘Thirty Year Peace’ treaty, and theoretically, this meant that they both could have lived in peaceful co-existence. 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