The domain of horticulture includes cultivation, plant propagation, breeding of plants, production of crops, plant physiology as well as biochemistry … Plantations cover large tracts of land, using capital intensive inputs, with the help of migrant labourers. a. (ii) Oranges: Nagpur and Cherrapunjee are famous for orange varieties of India. Technological and Institutional Reforms. Visitors Question & Answer. (a) Food gathering (b) Agriculture (c) Manufacturing (d) Services Q.2. The questions are mainly based on topics such as types of farming, cropping pattern, the major crop produced in India, etc. Question 3. 3. how_to_reg Follow . Preparation of pesticide solutions and its spray in vegetable crops. Growing vegetables, flowers and fruits for commercial use is known as horticulture. Ans.Plantation farming is a type of commercial agriculture in which a single crop is grown on a large scale and processed for the purpose of sale. See where you can take agriculture and landscape design courses for free. Right of inheritance had lead to fragmentation of land holdings. What is meant by Horticulture? Major tea producing states are Assam, hills of Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The Government also announces minimum support price, remunerative and procurement prices for important crop to check the exploitation of farmers by speculators and middleman. Which crops are grown under horticulture in India? Question-1 What is the importance of agriculture in Indian economy? It is a tropical as well as a subtropical crop. India is one among the several important fruits and vegetables producing countries of the world. India is a producer of tropical as well as temperate fruits. Ans. It means the … Resource and Development:Geography Lessons for Class 10th, Soil Types,Land : Geography Notes for Class 10th, Agriculture: Geography Notes for Class 10th, Types of farming and Cropping Pattern in India:Geography For Class 10th, Horticulture and Fibre Crops,Agricultural Reforms :Geography For Class 10th, Bhoodan Gramdan,Food Security,Impact of Globalization on Agriculture:Geography Notes for Class 10th, Industrial Pollution, Environmental Degradation and its Control, Location and Classification of Industries, Importance of Manufacturing and Economy- Manufacturing industries Class 10th, Mineral and Energy Resources :Geography Lesson For class 10th, Life Lines of Economy- Geography NCERT Class 10th, Transport – Roadways, Railways, Pipelines, Waterways, Airways, Communication and International trade and Tourism as trade. Students will learn fundamental skills relating to plant propagation, plant nutrition, floral arrangements and greenhouse and nursery production. Agriculture has been practised in India for thousands of years. 14) What is organic farming? Find free online horticulture classes and courses. It produces raw materials for our various industries, e.g., … India is a producer of It is also an important beverage crop introduced by the British in India. what do you mean by Horticulture? Your email address will not be published. 16) What is intensive subsistence agriculture? Cotton, Jute, Hemp and Natural Silk are the four major fibre crops. (v) Pineapple in Meghalaya and Grapes are grown in Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. Apples, Pears, Apricots and Walnuts of Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Horticulture: Horticulture is the science and art of growing plants (fruits, vegetables, flowers and any other cultivar). High temperature is required for its growth. When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift and clear a fres… India is the second largest producer of sugarcane only after Brazil. L'exposition d'horticulture est ouverte (Goncourt, Journal, 1887, p. 679). It requires a moist and humid climate with rainfall of more than 200cm and temperature above 25°C. It is a ‘slash and burn’ agriculture. Major producing states are Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Jharkhand and Arunachal Pradesh. This is an introductory course in ornamental horticulture and greenhouse management. For more information or to register, call the Extension Horticulture Help Desk at 703-792-7747 or email. Agriculture needs serious technical and institutional reforms. Please enter your credentials below! Define Viticulture. were given priority to bring reforms in country after independence. What do you mean by horticulture? Breaking dormancy to induce germination in potato. Hybrid production technology of tomato. Their work involves plant propagation and cultivation with the aim of improving plant growth, yields, quality, … Horticultural science includes the research, study and practice of plant cultivation, plant propagation, plant breeding, production of crops and plant physiology. In 2010-11 about 52% of the total workforce was employed by the farm sector. Dictionnaire, société, traité d'horticulture. The tea plant grows well in tropical and sub-tropical climates with deep and fertile well-drained soil, rich in humus and organic matter. Mainly produced in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Agriculture, provides livelihood for more than 60% of population, needs some serious … Laws of land reforms were enacted but laws of implementation were lacking. Sustained uses of land without compatible techno-institutional changes have hindered the pace of agricultural development. Apr 4, 2015. (d) All of these. Land focus was the main focus of the First Five Year plan. tropical as well as temperate fruits. Sowing/transplanting of vegetables in main field. well in black cotton soil of the Deccan plateau. India is s producer of tropical as well as temperate fruits. It is an important industrial raw material. Some Initiatives taken by the Government are: You can also access CBSE Class 10 Social Science Notes for History, Political Science, Geography and Economics compiled at one place. producer of peas, cauliflower, onion, cabbage, tomato, brinjal and potatoes. Which crops are grown under horticulture in India? He also perform maintenance and care of plant, design and maintenance of green house, preparing media and various other inputs essential for flower … It requires temperature between 21°C to 27°C and grows well in old alluvial soil. India produces 13% of the world’s vegetables. ... interested in working on a 4-year college degree in agriculture, horticulture, or landscaping. Students will find the questions related to agriculture in NCERT Chapter 4 of Class 10 Geography book. Preparation of processed products from vegetables. India is a producer of tropical as well as temperate fruits. Farmers clear a patch of land and produce cereals and other food crops. 10) What is agriculture sericulture pisiculture viticulture and horticulture? Tea bushes require warm and moist frost-free climate all through the year. Special weather bulletins and agricultural programmes for farmers on the radio and television were introduced. This type of farming is practised in areas of high population pressure on land. Required fields are marked *. (iii) Bananas of various qualities are grown in Kerala, Mizoram, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. Agriculture provides a livelihood for more than 60% of its population, so this sector needs some serious technical and institutional reforms. Organizations that hire horticulturalists include government agencies, schools, zoos, vineyards, farms, design firms, nurseries and building maintenance agencies. Contemporary India : Geography Notes for Class 10th NCERT Agriculture: Geography Notes for Class 10th Horticulture and Fibre Crops,Agricultural Reforms :Geography For Class 10th. Major producing states are Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Haryana. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), agricultural universities, veterinary services and animal breeding centres, horticulture development, research and development in the field of meteorology and weather forecast, etc. It requires high temperature and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm. India ranks third after China and the U.S.A. in the production of horticultural crops.. Horticultural farming in India promotes the development of natural resources, yields higher returns from land, enhances the land values, creates a better … Thank you for giving us this type of knowledgeable notes. Schemes introduced by Government such as Kissan Credit Card (KCC), Personal Accident Insurance Scheme (PAIS). What do you mean by Horticulture? Name some plantation crops. rifenrid on Essay on “My Hobby” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes. Major pulse producing states are Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh and Karnataka. Fruits in … Answer: Horticulture is the growing of vegetables, flowers and fruits for commercial use. Some of the major crops are: Agriculture is a primary activity, which produces most of the food raw material for various industries. What were the steps taken by government in agricultural reforms? The course will be helpful for aspirants preparing for MPSC. Accessing this course requires a login. 2 14. This type of farming uses higher doses of modern inputs such as high yielding variety (HYV) seeds, chemical fertilisers, insecticides and pesticides to obtain higher productivity. Answer. All the produce is used as a raw material in industries. 2. The government also announces minimum support price, remunerative and procurement prices for important crops to check the exploitation of farmers by speculators and middlemen. In terms of scale, horticulture falls between … are a few of the initiatives introduced by the government to improve Indian agriculture. Lichi and Guava of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. India is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China. It is an important Agricultural share in providing employment and livelihood to the population continues to be, Government is providing facilities like irrigation, power, rural roads, market and mechanisation, Reduction of import duties on agricultural products have proved detrimental to agriculture in the. Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Haryana and. Online Test of Chapter – 4 Agriculture Test 1 | Geography Class 8th Social Science (S.St) Q.1. → It requires moist and humid climate with rainfall of more than 200 cm. When the soil fertility decreases, the farmers shift and clear a fresh patch of land for cultivation. The plants focused on are mainly vegetables, trees, flowers, turf, shrubs, fruits and nuts. Mainly grown in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andaman and Nicobar islands and Garo hills of Meghalaya. Bananas of Kerala, Mizoram, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. It grows well on well-drained fertile soils in the flood plains. Horticulture, literally garden culture, is a part of crop agriculture that also includes agronomy and forestry. Kissan Credit Card(KCC), Personal Accident Insurance Scheme(PAIS) are some other schem, weather bulletins and agriculture programmes. It is used in making gunny bags, mats, ropes, yarn, carpets and other artefacts. Requires moist and humid climate with rainfall of. (b) Growing of wheat (c) Primitive farming. Major pulses grown in India are Tur (Arhar), Urad, Moong, Masur, Peas and Gram. 2 11. Nearly two-thirds of its … Growing of wheat c. Primitive farming. The Department's mission is to prepare our students for horticulture-related careers in science and business. India is the largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world. thumb_up Like (2) visibility Views (7.4K) edit Answer . Crop Production and Management . → India produces about 13 percent of the world’s vegetables. Major maize-producing states are Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. BIOLGY 751 Horticulture & Gardening Information Session That notes/ written material will help you at the time of CBSE Board Exams for Class … 13) How many kinds of farming are there? Provisions for crop insurance against calamities, establishment of Grameen banks, cooperative societies and bank for providing loan facilities to the farmers at lower rates of interest were some steps taken. Non-Food Crops • Rubber: → It is an equatorial crop, but under special conditions, it is also grown in tropical and sub-tropical areas. It is known as jhumming in north-eastern states. in Maharashtra, U.P., Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal. Science . Question 10. “Agriculture is the mainstay of the Indian economy.” Explain this statement. This includes making new discoveries in the plant sciences; promoting the use of plants and food for improved human health and a safe environment; improving the characteristics, quality and availability of horticultural products; … It is grown in the plains of north and north-eastern India, coastal areas and the deltaic regions. But this led to the concentration of development in few selected areas. It is an important producer of pea, cauliflower, onion, cabbage, tomato, brinjal and potato. Pre-registration is required for classes. Solution: a. India is an agricultural country. question_answer Answers(2) edit Answer . India is believed to be the original home of the cotton plant. The course will be … It is mainly grown in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Garo hills of Meghalaya. (a) Growing fruits, flowers and vegetables. A Floriculturist (Protected Cultivation) is a person who has under taken the various activities of flower cultivation involving preparatory cultivation, cultivation and post harvest management in green house. 15) What is subsistence farming? They must be in the top 10% of their class and an interest in irrigation that is confirmed by their advisor. INTRO TO HORTICULTURAL SCIENCES GENERAL HORTICULTURE. 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