ptolemy ix soter

116-110 BCE Bronze Coin, 18mm. After the murder of his elder brother in 130 BC, during a civil war between Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra II, Ptolemy IX became the heir apparent. Ptolemy I Soter, Macedonian general of Alexander the Great, who became ruler of Egypt (323–285 bc) and founder of the Ptolemaic dynasty, which reigned longer than any other dynasty established on the soil of the Alexandrian empire and only succumbed to the Romans in 30 bc. [21] He initially maintained control of Cyrene, but it seems to have come under the control of his half brother Ptolemy Apion some time after 105 BC. AE29. and again from 88 to 80 B.C., marked both a tumultuous period in the declining years of the Ptolemaic dynasty and a pivotal era in the history --and ultimate decline-- of the ancient city of Thebes. Ptolemy IX Soter II Lathyrus (116–107 b.c. Ptolemy X, Alexander I 110-109, 108/7-88 B.C. Like her father and grandparents, Cleopatra naturally spoke only Greek, her native language; having to learn from the masters the dialect of Egyptians. Extremely Fine. The Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt was founded in 305 BC by Ptolemy I Soter, former General to Alexander the Great. Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros). [23] Fearing that Ptolemy IX was planning to use Judaea as a springboard for an invasion of Egypt, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy X invaded Judaea themselves. It is also an early example of Roman tourism in Egypt, which would become a major phenomenon in the Roman imperial period. Obverse: Diademed head of Ptolemy I facing right, wearing aegis. Ptolemy IX Soter 116-106 BC. Regardless of a certain familial link, Philip treated Ptolemy as his own son. He was the son of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III. After three years of hard fighting Thebes capitulated and was sacked in retribution. Like many of his predecessors, he would marry two of his sisters, Cleopatra IV, mother of Berenice IV, and Cleopatra V Serene who gave him two sons. Egypt’s heartland, the Nile River valley and delta, was the home of one of the principal civilizations of the ancient Middle East and, like Mesopotamia farther east, was the site of one of the world’s earliest urban and literate…. He was possibly born on 18 February 142 BC. All three ruled together from 169 BC until 164 BC, when Ptolemy VIII expelled his brother from power. Ptolemy (pronounced / ˈ t ɒ l əm i /) the Savior), also known as Ptolemy Lagides, c. 367 BC – c. 283 BC, was a Macedonian general under Alexander the Great, who became ruler of Egypt (323–283 BC) and founder of the Ptolemaic Kingdom and dynasty.In 305/4 BC he demanded the title of pharaoh. 2 words related to Ptolemy I: Ptolemaic dynasty, Ptolemy. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ptolemy-IX-Soter-II. Ptolemy IX received the epithet Philometor Soter (Mother-loving Saviour). AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 13.81 g, 12h). Shipping and handling. Ptolemy XII, Auletes 80-51 B.C. Ptolemy Ix Soter Google Suggest Search predictions are possible search terms you can use that are related to the terms you’re typing and what other people are searching for. Soter II returned in early 109 but was evicted anew by his mother in March of the following year. He participated in the Battle of Issus and accompanied Alexander during his journey to the Oracle in the Siwa Oasis where he was proclaimed a son of Zeus. (Ptolemy IX Soter II, byname Lathyrus, fl. Ptolemy IX attempted to slip past them and into Egypt, but Ptolemy X managed to rush back and stop him. She bore Physcon two sons, Philometor Soter II (Ptolemy IX) and Ptolemy X Alexander I as well as three daughters, CLeopatra IV, Cleopatra Tryphaena, and Cleopatra Selene. Ptolemy IX. He was perhaps the half-brother of Alexander and son of Philip II of Macedon with the beautiful Arsinoe. Bennett further proposes that Ptolemy XII and Ptolemy of Cyprus are identical with the two sons mentioned by Justin. She wants to rule with Ptolemy X Alexander, but the Alexandrines force her to accept Ptolemy IX Soter, who is fourteen years old, as co-ruler. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. During this time Ptolemy seized the civilization of Egypt and established a Hellenistic dynasty that would last until being ousted by the Roman Empire. B.C.) The fact that Ptolemy IX carried this ritual out personally, rather than letting a local priest carry it out in his stead, shows the extent to which Ptolemy embraced the Pharaonic role.[28]. Cleopatra IV and Cleopatra Selene are candidates, with the former favoured by modern scholarship. 116-106 B.C at the best online prices at … [24], In 86 BC, a Roman fleet commanded by Lucullus arrived in Alexandria seeking financial and military support against Mithridates VI of Pontus, with whom the Romans were fighting the First Mithridatic War (89-84 BC). SNG Cop 674var. Cleopatra VII, 50-30 B.C. [14] Her new husband was waging a war against his half-brother Antiochus VIII Grypus (r. 125–96 BC), who was married to Cleopatra IV's elder sister Tryphaena. A set of four graffiti at Philae provide evidence for another set of early Roman tourists. [27] This was probably partially due to the confused political situation – the Roman war effort was being led by Sulla, but he had been declared an outlaw by the government in Rome led by Lucius Cornelius Cinna. He is also called Ptolemy Soter II. Ptolemy Ix Soter Ii; Ptolemy Ix Soter Parents; Entity Index This is the list of all entities in this result page. Ptolemy X, even younger, is briefly made general of Cyprus. Alexandreia mint. [19][3][17] Ptolemy IX had left his two sons behind when he fled Alexandria. Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros) was born in 141 BC the son of Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra III. [7] Shortly before this he had married his sister, Cleopatra IV, who probably gave birth to two sons while the couple was on Cyprus: the future Ptolemy XII in 117 BC and the future Ptolemy of Cyprus around 116 BC. His mother ruled jointly with him and held the actual power. Ptolemy IX Soter II (Savior) (142 – 80 BCE) was also known as Lathyrus (Chickpea). Year 2 (116/5 BC). The relationship between Ptolemy VIII and Cleopatra II rapidly deteriorated, especially when Ptolemy VIII took Cleopatra III (the daughter of Ptolemy VI and Cleopatra II), as a second wife. Cleopatra III & Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros) were co-regents during the Ptolemaic Dynasty. Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros) was previously made governor of Cyprus. Ptolemy IX was formally re-crowned as Pharaoh at Memphis in November. Brit., 15th ed. Ptolemaic Rulers, Cleopatra III and Ptolemy IX Soter II (116-107 BC) Silver Tetradrachm, Alexandria. Ptolemy XI Alexander II 80. Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. Ptolemy (pronounced / ˈ t ɒ l əm i /) the Savior), also known as Ptolemy Lagides, [1] c. 367 BC – c. 283 BC, was a Macedonian general under Alexander the Great, who became ruler of Egypt (323 BC – 283 BC) and founder of both the Ptolemaic Kingdom and the Ptolemaic Dynasty. Ptolemy I Soter I (Ancient Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, Ptolemaĩos Sōtḗr, i.e. Older son of Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Cleopatra III and brother of Ptolemy X Alexander; ruler of the Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt from 116 to 107 bc and again from 88 to 81 bc.Upon his father’s death, Soter II was made coregent with his mother only because the people of Alexandria, Egypt, demanded it. He took him to the capital at a young age and gave him as good of an education as he offered Alexander. Corrections? [11] Ptolemy X was sent to Cyprus to serve as governor of Cyprus soon after Ptolemy IX's accession. This would have included work on the Dendera Temple complex and on the temple in Edfu. The cults and memory of Cleopatra III and Ptolemy X seem to have been officially suppressed. According to Justin, Ptolemy VIII's will left Cleopatra III in charge of Egypt, with the right to chose either Ptolemy IX or his younger brother Ptolemy X as her co-regent. Ptolemy Soter refused to give aid to the Romans in the course of their war with Pontus, a Black Sea kingdom, and after the Roman sack of Athens in 88 the Egyptian rulers helped rebuild the city, for which commemorative statues of them were erected. Cyrene was left to a third son, Ptolemy Apion. As part of his visit, he was given a tour of the Fayyum region. Ptolemy I (367-283 BCE), also known as Ptolemy I Soter (savior), was a Macedonian general during the campaign of Alexander III the Great. was a pleasure-loving prince who largely left the reins of government in the hands of unscrupulous ministers of the crown. Ptolemy IX Soter II (Lathyros). Ptolemy XI, Alexander II 80 B.C. 118–117 BC Ptolemy IX Soter 117–116 BC Ptolemy X Alexander 116–114 BC Ptolemy IX Soter Helenus of Cyrene (2nd time) 114 BC–106 BC King Ptolemy IX Soter (direct Horos son of Nechoutes (413 words) [view diff] no match in snippet view article find links to article [36][37], 2nd/1st century BC king of Ptolemaic Egypt, Divorce, remarriage, and intervention in Seleucid civil war, Numbering the Ptolemies is a modern convention. Ptolemy sent a large force south in November 88 BC, under the command of the general Hierax. Toned, minor flan flaw on obverse. Ptolemy IV,Philopator (222-205 b.c.) VF. Ptolemy IX Soter Lathyros: king of the Ptolemaic Empire, ruled from 116 to 107 (with Cleopatra III) and from 88 to 81. He then invaded Galilee, defeated Jannaeus in a battle at Asophon near the river Jordan, and despoiled Judaea with impunity. Around 117 BC, Ptolemy IX was sent to Cyprus, reportedly at his mother's request, where he served as governor of the island (strategos, nauarchos, archiereus, archikynegos). Ptolemy XI was required to marry his step-mother, who was much older than he. Ptolemy IX Soter II or Lathyros ("grass pea") (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ Λάθυρος, Ptolemaĩos Sōtḗr Láthuros) was king of Egypt three times, from 116 BC to 110 BC, 109 BC to 107 BC and 88 BC to 81 BC, with intervening periods ruled by his brother, Ptolemy X Alexander. Dated RY 29 (89/8 BC). The Egyptians soon accepted the Ptolemies as the successors to the pharaohs of independent Egypt. On 28 June 116, Ptolemy VIII died. Ptolemy XI Alexander II was the son of Ptolemy X Alexander. Although they chose not to take advantage of this, the possibility of Roman intervention hung over Ptolemy IX for the rest of his reign and forced him to adopt a highly deferential posture with the Romans. He was a veteran soldier and accomplished commander. Alternate Formats. "Philopator"). [1] Cleopatra Selene was not made co-regent with her new husband, as would have been normal. As Pharaoh, his Horus name was "Distinguished through his birth together with the living Apis; twin in his birthplace with the son of Isis" which seems to indicate that he was born in the same year as an Apis bull, i.e. Omissions? Ptolemy X Alexander I, (died 88 bce), Macedonian king of Egypt (reigned 107–88 bce) who, under the direction of his mother, Cleopatra III, ruled Egypt alternately with his brother Ptolemy IX Soter II and around 105 became involved in a civil war in the Seleucid kingdom in Syria. From there he invaded Judaea but was prevented by Ptolemy X from invading Egypt (103–102 BC). When Ptolemy V Epiphanes had died in 180 BC, he had left three children: Ptolemy VI Philometor, Cleopatra II, and Ptolemy VIII Euergetes. Restored, 89/8-81/0 BC. Ptolemy I Soter (/ ˈ t ɒ l əm i /; Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, Ptolemaîos Sōtḗr "Ptolemy the Savior"; c. 367 BC – January 282 BC) was a companion and historian of Alexander the Great of the Kingdom of Macedon in northern Greece who became ruler of Egypt, part of Alexander's former empire.Ptolemy was pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt from 305/304 BC to his death. She succeeded him as ruler. Some sources claim that Ptolemy IX had made Berenice III his co-regent at the start of his second reign in 88 BC, but all documentary evidence shows that he reigned alone until this point. The city appealed to Ptolemy I Soter I ( Ancient Greek: Πτολεμαῖος Σωτήρ, Sōtḗr. Annotated Egyptian Royal Genealogy provides detailed references to sources by Ptolemy X to. Royal Genealogy provides detailed references to sources lift his siege 26 ] Ptolemy IX Soter Parents ; Index! Death of Alexander and son of Ptolemy XII and Ptolemy of Cyprus in 106 BC, he actually without. 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